Advanced Orthopedics Treat Knee Pain
Staying healthy now and well into your golden years depends on your ability to walk, stay fit, and maintain quality of life. That ability could be in danger if an injury or medical condition causes knee pain. Fortunately, orthopedic specialists at Bay lor Orthopedic and Spine Hospital at Arlington know the latest techniques to get your knee back in working order.
A complete examination and selection of diagnostic tests is usually the first step toward ending knee pain. Orthopedic knee specialists use X-rays and diagnostic imaging such as CT scans to examine the knee, but arthroscopy allows a doctor to look inside the joint. This procedure allows for more accurate diagnosis of the knee condition.
Arthroscopic surgery can also be used treat knee problems after they have been diagnosed. Injuries such as meniscus tears can be corrected using the arthroscopic surgery known as a partial meniscectomy to remove the damaged joint lining. Broken cartilage also can be cleared out using arthroscopic chondroplasty.
Consider Nonsurgical Knee Procedures
Once the knee condition is diagnosed, your orthopedic specialist may recommend a variety of non-invasive treatments to combat knee pain. Simple solutions to some knee problems include:
- Reduce activity levels or change exercise habits/techniques.
- Lose weight to take the pressure off knees.
- Restrict movement using a knee brace, splint, or cast.
- Use crutches or a walker to keep weight off the injured knee.
- Reduce pain and swelling with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication.
- Follow orthopedist’s recommended program for physical therapy, stretching, or exercise to regain flexibility.
- Inject knee with corticosteroid medications or hyaluronic acid (viscosupplementation) for arthritic knee joints.
Orthopedic Surgery Can Benefit Knee Patients
Many sports injuries and less severe knee disorders respond well to nonsurgical treatment. However, if knee pain persists, your orthopedic surgeon may recommend a surgical knee procedure.
For example, damaged cartilage can be treated with cartilage repair surgery. Osteochondral autograft transplantation surgery (OATS), also known as mosaicplasty, takes healthy cartilage from one part of the body and grafts it into place on the knee joint. This knee procedure can be done with an arthroscope.
When the area requiring new cartilage is too large for an autograft, an alternative is osteochondral allograft transplantatio n. This option replaces damaged cartilage in the knee with cartilage from a cadaver donor with an open surgery technique rather than minimally invasive.
Other knee surgery procedures to discuss with your ortho may include:
- Ligament reconstruction: ACL, MCL and PCL
- Total or partial knee replacement
- Meniscus transplant
- Patellofemoral replacement
- Microfracture drilling for isolated chondral defect (cartilage)
- Arthroscopic minimally invasive surgery for lateral release and medial imbrication (adjusts ligaments)
- Tibial osteomy (removes and realigns bone)
- Knee revision (replace worn artificial knee parts)
Schedule an Orthopedic Consultation
When knee pain threatens your mobility, it’s time to seek help from a medical professional who has advanced training and experience treating all types of knee conditions. Call 855-41-ORTHO for an appointment with an orthopedic knee specialist or sports medicine doctor at Baylor Orthopedic and Spine Hospital at Arlington.